A canary trap is a method for exposing an information leak by giving different versions of a sensitive document to each of several suspects and seeing which version gets leaked. It could be one false statement, to see whether sensitive information gets out to other people as well. Special attention is paid to the quality of the prose of the unique language, in the hopes that the suspect will repeat it verbatim in the leak, thereby identifying the version of the document.
The term was coined by Tom Clancy in his novel Patriot Games although Clancy did not invent the technique. The actual method usually referred to as a barium meal test in espionage circles has been used by intelligence agencies for many years.
The fictional character Jack Ryan describes the technique he devised for identifying the sources of leaked classified documents:. Each summary paragraph has six different versions, and the mixture of those paragraphs is unique to each numbered copy of the paper. There are over a thousand possible permutations, but only ninety-six numbered copies of the actual document. The reason the summary paragraphs are so lurid is to entice a reporter to quote them verbatim in the public media.
If he quotes something from two or three of those paragraphs, we know which copy he saw and, therefore, who leaked it. A refinement of this technique uses a thesaurus program to shuffle through synonyms, thus making every copy of the document unique. Following the troubled production of Star Trek: The Motion Picture in the late s, Paramount Pictures effectively replaced Gene Roddenberry as producer of further movies in the franchise with Harve Bennett.
Roddenberry was retained as an "executive consultant", due to the high regard the series' fans held him in; while he had little real authority he was still kept involved in the creative process. The fans often complained about particular plot developments proposed for the films, such as the death of Spock in Star Trek IIthat Roddenberry had opposed.
So, before any drafts of the screenplay for Star Trek III: The Search for Spock were circulated, Bennett arranged for each individual copy to have subtle clues distinguishing it from the others.
Shortly after Roddenberry opposed the destruction of the Enterprise at the climax of that film, fans began to complain to Paramount and Bennett. He found that a leaked copy of the script was the one given to Roddenberry, but was unable to do anything about it. After a series of leaks at Tesla Motors inCEO Elon Musk reportedly sent slightly different versions of an e-mail to each employee in an attempt to reveal potential leakers. The e-mail was disguised as a request to employees to sign a new non-disclosure agreement.
The plan was undermined when the company's general counsel forwarded his own unique version of the e-mail with the attached agreement. As a result, Musk's scheme was realized by employees who now had a safe copy to leak. Init was proposed as a method for the Trump Administration to catch leaks.
In OctoberBritish celebrity Coleen Rooney used the technique to identify who was leaking information from her private Instagram stories to tabloid newspaper The Sun by posting fake stories which were blocked to all but one account.
When these details appeared in the press, she publicly identified the leaks as coming from the account of Rebekah Vardy, wife of footballer Jamie Vardy. According to the book Spycatcher  by Peter Wright published in the technique is standard practice that has been used by MI5 and other intelligence agencies for many years, under the name " barium meal test". A barium meal test is more sophisticated than a canary trap because it is flexible and may take many different forms.
However, the basic premise is to reveal a secret to a suspected enemy but nobody else then monitor whether there is evidence of the fake information being utilised by the other side. For example, a suspected double agent could be offered some tempting "bait": e. The fake dead drop site could then be periodically checked for signs of disturbance. If the site showed signs of being disturbed for instance, in order to copy microfilm stored therethen this would confirm that the suspected enemy really was an enemy, i.
The technique of embedding significant information in a hidden form in a medium has been used in many ways, which are usually classified according to intent:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Method for exposing an information leak by giving different versions of a sensitive document to each of several suspects. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Patreon logo. What is Patreon? Can I cancel my pledge any time? Learn More.Singer Henry Spychalski was born and raised in Torquay before moving to London. Spychalski met Duc, who'd played in a band with Nico in Parisat a bar in London which helped foster a friendship and the formation of the band. James originates from Ipswich and shared a house in Elephant and Castle with friends including Henry. Zac, from Bristolmet Duc through Reddit and "less vile corners" of 4chanand Vincent from Hong Kong ; when he returned home in late he was replaced by Achilleas, originally from Athens.
Late inZac left the band to focus on his education, he was replaced by Seth Evans, a friend of the band, who they met in London. Their image and sound can be seen as influenced by the Ziggy Stardust era of David Bowie and the New Romantic period in the s.
Their sound has been compared to a wide range of acts such as The Prodigy and Peaches. Pictures Of You was written with Justin Tranter. According to lead singer, Henry Spychalski, the album took almost four years to create, due to the interspersed writing as every member was in university education. The album tour swiftly followed the release, spanning the length of the UKas well as various European cities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
pretty boy trap
Post-punk  new rave  art rock  experimental rock  glam rock   trap  . Retrieved 26 October Retrieved 3 June The Spectator. The Needle Drop. Retrieved 19 December Nikic Media. Retrieved 23 September Vice Media.
The site was created as a counterpart to the Japanese imageboard Futaba Channelalso known as 2chan,  and the first boards were created for posting images and discussion related to anime. The Guardian once summarized the 4chan community as "lunatic, juvenile The majority of posting on 4chan takes place on imageboardswhere users have the ability to share images and create threaded discussions. Each board has its own set of rules and is dedicated to a specific topic, variously including anime and manga, video games, music, literature, fitness, politics, and sports, among others.
Poole has acknowledged that donations alone could not keep the site online, and turned to advertising to help make ends meet. Unlike most web forums, 4chan does not have a registration system, allowing users to post anonymously. A "capcode" may be used to attribute the post to "Anonymous Mod", although moderators often post without the capcode. Revealing oneself as a janitor is grounds for immediate dismissal. For instance, on December 28,4chan and other websites went down due to such an attack, following which Poole said on his blog, "We now join the ranks of MasterCardVisaPayPalet al.
The site was launched as 4chan. On March 1,Poole announced that he lacked the funds to pay the month's server bill, but was able to continue operations after receiving a swarm of donations from users. By November4chan made the transition to utilizing Cloudflare following a series of distributed denial of service attacks. On January 21,Poole stepped down as the site's administrator citing stress from controversies such as Gamergate as the reason for his departure.
In Octoberit was reported that the site was facing financial difficulties that could lead to its closure or radical changes. But I failed. I am sincerely sorry", citing server costs, infrastructure costs, and network fees. On November 17,it was announced that the site would be split into two, with the work-safe boards moved to a new domain, 4channel.
In a series of posts on the topic, Nishimura explained that the split was due to 4chan being blacklisted by most advertising companies, and that the new 4channel domain would allow for the site to receive advertisements by mainstream ad providers. Poole kept his real-life identity hidden until it was revealed on July 9,in The Wall Street Journal. Before that time he had used the alias "moot". In AprilPoole was voted the world's most influential person of by an open Internet poll conducted by Time magazine.
On September 12,Poole gave a talk on why 4chan has a reputation as a "Meme Factory" at the Paraflows Symposium in Vienna, Austriawhich was part of the Paraflows 09 festival, themed Urban Hacking.
In this talk, Poole mainly attributed this to the anonymous system, and to the lack of data retention on the site "The site has no memory. David Kernell as a government witness. He also explained to the court the nature of the data given to the FBI as part of the search warrantincluding how users can be uniquely identified from site audit logs. A stickied thread on its front page states that the board's intended purpose is "discussion of news, world events, political issues, and other related topics.
Both Trump and his son, Donald Trump Jr. The "no rules" policy also applies to actions of administrators and moderators, which means that users may be banned at any time, for any reason, including no reason at all. Each post is assigned a post number. Certain post numbers are sought after with a large amount of posting taking place to "GET" them.A Chadin derogatory slangis a young urban American man, typically single and in his 20s or early 30s.
The term originated in Chicago, Illinois. The term was later appropriated in incel forums to refer to sexually active alpha males.
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The term Chad is sometimes used interchangeably with slayer. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American slang word. For other uses, see Chad disambiguation. Not to be confused with Chav. Chicago Redeye Tribune Co. Retrieved 2 April But there are terms within this Chi-alect that are specific to the North and South Sides. Flak Magazine. Archived from the original on September 10, Retrieved May 9, George Takei. Retrieved Examining the 'rebellion' praised by Toronto van attack suspect". Global News.
Yahoo Lifestyle. Archived from the original on 15 January Retrieved 28 April B Mountford". Retrieved 28 April — via ResearchGate. South China Morning Post. April 25, This audio file was created from a revision of the article " Chad slang " datedand does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. Audio help. More spoken articles.An owner moderates each board, with minimal interaction from site administration.
The site has been linked to white supremacismneo-Nazismthe alt-rightracism and anti-Semitismhate crimesand multiple mass shootings.
In the aftermath of the back-to-back mass shootings on August 3 and August 4,in El Paso, Texasand Dayton, Ohiorespectively, the site was taken off clearnet on August 5,after the network infrastructure provider Cloudflare stopped providing their content delivery network CDN service.
Voxility, a web services company that had been renting servers to Epikthe site's new domain registrar, as well as Epik's CDN provider subsidiary BitMitigate, also terminated service. No experience or programming knowledge is necessary for users to create their own boards. Do not create boards with the sole purpose of posting or spreading such content. Brennan agreed to partner 8chan with the Japanese message board 2channel and subsequently relocated to the Philippines in October In Januarythe site changed its domain 8chan.
Despite subsequently regaining the domain, the site remained at 8ch. Numerous bugs in the Infinity software led to the funding and development of a successor platform dubbed "Infinity Next". After a several-month-long testing period, a migration to the new software was attempted in Decemberbut failed.
Following the three shootings in Christchurch, New Zealand, in March ; Poway, California, in April ; El Paso, Texas, in August in which the perpetrators of each used 8chan as a platform to spread their manifesto, there was increased pressure on those providing 8chan's Internet services to terminate their support. Matthew Prince, CEO of Cloudflareinitially defended his firm's technological support of 8chan on August 3,the day of the El Paso shooting : "What happened in El Paso today is abhorrent in every possible way, and it's ugly, and I hate that there's any association between us and that For us the question is which is the worse evil?
However, by the next day, August 4, with increasing press attention, Cloudflare changed its position, and rescinded its support for 8chan effective midnight August 5 Pacific Timepotentially leaving the site open for denial of service attacks.
Prince stated: "Unfortunately the action we take today won't fix hate online It will almost certainly not even remove 8chan from the Internet. But it is the right thing to do. We just sent notice that we are terminating 8chan as a customer effective at midnight tonight Pacific Time. The rationale is simple: they have proven themselves to be lawless and that lawlessness has caused multiple tragic deaths. Even if 8chan may not have violated the letter of the law in refusing to moderate their hate-filled community, they have created an environment that revels in violating its spirit.
Brennan, the creator of 8chan who ceased being the owner in and ceased working for the website instated on August 4,that 8chan should be shut down,  and subsequently thanked Cloudflare for its decision to pull support for 8chan. Tucows also terminated its support as 8chan's domain name registrarmaking the site difficult to access.
In the wake of Cloudflare and Tucows' changes, 8chan switched its domain register to BitMitigatea division of Epik, a provider that had previously serviced far-right sites like Gab and The Daily Stormer. After 8chan moved to Epik, the company's CEO Rob Monster wrote: "Freedom of speech and expression are fundamental rights in a free society.
We enter into a slippery slope when we start to limit speech that makes us uncomfortable. Although the website was unreachable through its usual domain on the clearnet, users continued to access the site through its IP address and via its. On August 6,the United States House Committee on Homeland Security called 8chan's owner, Jim Watkins, an American living in the Philippinesto testify about the website's efforts to tackle "the proliferation of extremist content, including white supremacist content".
In an interview with The Washington PostWatkins said that 8chan staff were building protections against cyberattacks to replace Cloudflare's services, and that the website could come back online as early as mid-September. On October 7,8chan's official Twitter account and Jim Watkins' YouTube channel released a video that unveiled a new "8kun" logo. Brennan has vocally opposed 8chan's relaunch as 8kun, claiming the effort will not change the reputation previously associated with 8chan, and also citing his troubled relationship with 8chan administrators.
The Watkins family tried to launch 8kun, while Brennan tried to block their effort in order to keep "Q" from resurfacing.Are you 18 years of age or older?
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